The West Wing Episode Guide -
Bookmark this Site

Enemies Foreign and Domestic

Original Airdate 05-01-02 Rerun 08-21-02

Previous Episode  ||  Season 3 Episode Index  |  Main Index  |  Season 3 Information Index  ||  Next Episode
Descriptions  |  Credits  |  Information Links  |  Awards  |  Media Quotes


After criticizing Saudi Arabia, C.J. receives many negative e-mails, one of which interests the Secret Service. Meanwhile, the President is to meet with the new Russian President, and as Sam irons out summit details with Russian negotiators, Joint Chiefs chair Fitzwallace (John Amos) arrives with sobering news: Russians are building a nuclear facility in Iran that can produce plutonium. And a computer-chip maker (Peter Scolari) who's a major campaign contributor has sobering news of his own: his company must recall 80 million chips.
From NBC:
As Sam (Rob Lowe) works out the President's (Martin Sheen) final maddening details of an important upcoming summit with the Russian president, satellite photos reveal an Iranian nuclear bomb facility built with Russian technology -- a revelation that could torpedo the leaders' meeting. Elsewhere, C.J. (Allison Janney) makes a harsh public statement about the deaths of Saudi young girls, prompting a serious death threat from a stalker that forces Bartlet to assign her Secret Service protection. In addition, Charlie seeks to find the source of a curious encoded letter addressed to the President; Toby (Richard Schiff) considers issuing a press pass to a Russian journalist (Svetlana Efremova) who's been unfairly critical of her country's leader.
From Warner Bros.:
As Sam finalizes the maddening details of Bartlet's upcoming summit with the Russian president, satellite photographs reveal an Iranian nuclear bomb facility built with Russian technology. The discovery could cause major problems with the leaders' meeting. Meanwhile, the outraged C.J. makes a harsh public statement about a group of schoolgirls in Saudi Arabia who were prevented by the religious police from escaping a burning building because they were not dressed properly. C.J. then receives a serious death threat, prompting Bartlet to assign Secret Service protection to her. Charlie seeks the source of a curious encoded letter addressed to Bartlet. And Toby ponders whether or not to allow a controversial Russian journalist, Ludmilla Koss (Svetlana Efremova), who has criticized the Russian president, to attend the summit.


Rob Lowe as Sam (Samuel Norman) Seaborn Deputy Communications Director
Dulé Hill as Charlie (Charles) Young Personal Aide to the President
Allison Janney as C.J. (Claudia Jean) Cregg Press Secretary
Janel Moloney as Donna (Donnatella) Moss Assistant to Deputy Chief of Staff
Richard Schiff as Toby (Tobias Zachary) Ziegler Communications Director
John Spencer as Leo Thomas McGarry Chief of Staff
Bradley Whitford as Josh (Joshua) Lyman Deputy Chief of Staff
Martin Sheen as
Jed (Josiah Edward) Bartlet President of the United States
Special Guest Stars    
Mark Harmon as Simon Donovan C.J.'s Secret Service Agent
Ian McShane as Nickolai Ivanovich  
John Amos as
Admiral Percy "Fitz" Fitzwallace Chairman of the Joint Chiefs
Guest Starring    
Peter Scolari as Jake Kimball computer-chip manufacturer /
major campaign contributor
Michael O'Neill as Ron Butterfield Head of POTUS' Secret Service detail
Gregory Itzin as from State Department against issuing press credentials
Bill Cobbs as Alan Tatum wrote a letter to FDR
Svetlana Efremova as Ludmilla Koss Russian Journalist
George Tasudis as George Kowzlowski  
Renée Estevez as Nancy Aide
Melissa Fitzgerald as Carol Fitzpatrick (last name)
Assistant to the Press Secretary
Valarie Pettiford as Janice Security Guard
Damien Leake as Dr. Tatum Ted (first name) /
son of Alan Tatum
Timothy Davis-Reed as Mark O'Donnell (last name) / Reporter
Mindy Seeger as Chris Reporter
Charles Noland as Steve Reporter
Kris Murphy as Katie Witt (last name) / Reporter
Jeff Mooring as Phil Reporter
Kim Webster as Ginger Assistant to Communications' Director
Lee Faranda as Aide  
Elizabeth Liang as Staffer  

Information Links



Emmy Awards

Submitted for consideration after Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Drama Series Nomination by
Dulé Hill

Media Quotes

As for the remaining episodes: Schlamme says he's "excited about where we're headed." The four shows "are all tied together, not as cliffhangers, but all of a piece, leading to a fairly dramatic conclusion."

"Fiction visits fact in "West Wing" salute to the West Wing"
by Gail Pennington
April 24, 2002
St. Louis Post-Dispatch

It didn't take Mark Harmon long to accept the season-ending, four-episode guest role he has on "The West Wing."

"I got a scene faxed to me by my agent late on a Wednesday afternoon, and Thursday morning I was working," Harmon says.


"I appreciate that I'm in very rare air here," says Harmon, who counts himself among the fans of "The West Wing's" creator, Aaron Sorkin. "So often the formula [of a series] gets changed by outside pressures, but they've been able [to create an atmosphere] where it's all about the work. This train called 'The West Wing' is moving fast, and you're expected to keep up."

That was a daunting task in Harmon's first few days on the set, but he says he's now used to the rhythm of the show.


There was immediate tension between Harmon's character, Donovan, and C.J., but the actor is reluctant to say whether it will turn into the romantic variety.

"[The characters] are two very smart people who are used to doing things their own way," he says. As for the chemistry between the two, "Part of that is from the writing, and part of it is just the pleasure of playing opposite Allison. She's a gifted actress, and it's just fun to bat it back and forth."

"Harmon Didn't Hesitate to Join 'West Wing'"
by Rick Porter
May 3, 2002

C.J.'s comments were based on Saudi newspaper and witness reports out about mutaween religious enforcers that reportedly interfered with firefighters and refused to let 14 to 17 girls leave a burning building because the girls weren't wearing the required head scarves and black robes. Some reports said the girls were trampled to death because 800 girls were crammed in a building designed for 250, the main gate was locked and there were no emergency exits.

More viewers may have learned about that ugly incident by watching "West Wing" than from the scant coverage it received in the American media.

"'West Wing,' '7th Heaven' Bring News Headlines"
by Walt Belcher
May 6, 2002
Tampa Tribune

"The basic gist of the storyline is C.J. is under a very real and credible death threat," [Mark] Harmon explains. "Overnight her life changes in that Simon, a presidential-level Secret Service agent -- a team leader off the president's detail -- is in her life 24 hours a day. And she doesn't like it. So I'm in her life... and these are two very smart people, both used to doing things their own way."

"Mark Harmon's West Wing Love!"
by Daniel R. Coleridge
May 8, 2002
TV Guide Online

"We had been discussing this at the office because we have several fans of that particular show," said Richard Pearl, vice president of technology services at Meridian Technology Group.

Pearl is one of a growing group of experts in computer forensics, a field that uses data analysis to gather legal evidence. While detectives and "regular" forensics professionals dust for prints and analyze exit wounds, computer forensics specialists dig through hard drives and network servers.

Although "The West Wing" bit was played-up Hollywood style, Pearl says it provides a fair view of what a computer investigator might do.

"(It) does give a fairly accurate representation of the initial discovering and acquisition phases of computer forensics, wherein a threat is determined and evidence is started to be gathered," he said.

"Computer forensics field is finding its niche"
by Tim O'Shei
June 17, 2002
Buffalo Business First

He also mentioned that the episode of the show where Charlie and CJ Exchange pranks was very much based on real-life prank wars that happen on the set. Malina is apparently notorious for coating telephone receivers on set with Vaseline. One time this met with reprisal in the form of Alisson Janney and one of the directors teaming up and gluing down everything on Malina's desk.

"Josh Malina Talks Post-Sorkin WEST WING!!"
by "Leo"
October 26, 2004
Ain't It Cool News

For starters, it's almost never still. Recalling his memorable guest-arc on "The West Wing" the year before he got "NCIS," Harmon said "the air was different on that set. It was like a train rippin' by a hundred miles an hour, and you were supposed to grab a strap and hang on." - Mark Harmon

"NCIS becomes a hit by stealth"
by Noel Houston
November 25, 2005

Mark Harmon's looks nearly lost him the lead role on "NCIS," the forensic drama with a military flair now in its third season. Series creator Donald P. Bellisario had written the main character, Leroy Jethro Gibbs, as a tough-minded former Marine gunnery sergeant but had no specific actor in mind for the part.

"Someone mentioned Mark Harmon and I said, 'He's a pretty boy; I just don't see him as this character,'" Bellisario said. But the producer reversed his thinking after watching Harmon in a four-episode 2002 story arc on "The West Wing."

"I had envisioned the boyish Harmon, who was too good-looking, but I saw he now has a maturity to him,"

"The Letters of the Law"
by Kathy Blumenstock
April 2, 2006
Washington Post

For more information about this episode:
Continuity Guide to "The West Wing"
Previous Episode  |  U.S. Flag Main Index 3 Cast Season 3 Episode Index U.S. Flag Season 3 Information Index  |  Next Episode